What does a hemotologistdo?
This is a physician that specializes when it comes to the treatment diagnosis or prevention of blood-related diseases and also cancers like hemophilia iron-deficiency anemia, lymphoma, leukemia and sickle-cell disease. This is the type of physician who is trained in the field of hematology which means the study of blood and is also related to oncology which is the study of cancer.
What Do Physicians Like These Do For Cancer Patients?
Usually, a hemotologist would not treat operable types of cancers like that of prostate cancer. However, they specialize in treating the more blood-related cancers which can include multiple myelomas, non-Hodgkin lymphomas and also Hodgkins itself. Apart from that these types of physicians can also specialize in solid tumor management.
These physicians need to have completed medical school and have had residency between two to four years which includes both the inpatient and also the outpatient rotations. This is where they would receive their first-hand experiences when it comes to managing different cancer types and also blood disorders.
Even if these types of physicians would usually branch out to oncology, they would still intersect depending on the conditions that the physician faces. Basically, it can be hard to completely separate hematology and oncology since they are bound by the diagnosis and also the management of various hematologic conditions that would involve malignancies.
What These Types Of Physicians Study?
Physicians like these would train to become successful pediatric hematologists and also oncologists. This is where they can care for patients and children suffering from cancer such as hemophilia and sickle-cell disease. They would also need to train under a three-year residency in pediatrics right after medical school. After their schooling is where they can be exposed to pediatric hematology-oncology that is on a rotation period.
There are also some physicians that would convert and head on over to the field of stem-cell transplantation. This is where a stem cell transplant that has an infusion of healthy stem cells are injected into a person’s body which does not have the ability to reproduce enough healthy stem cells. In other words this process is also known as bone marrow transplant and can highly decrease the risks for infections, bleeding and also anemia.
Connection To Other Fields Of Medicine
Physicians working with blood would usually work together with medical experts from surgery, radiation oncology, pathology and radiology. In addition they can also work together with conditions like infectious diseases psychology and even in medicine.